Causes[ edit ] The roots of the rebellion lay in the failure of the English State in Ireland to assimilate the native Irish elite in the wake of the Elizabethan conquest and plantation of the country. The pre-Elizabethan Irish population is usually divided into the "Old or Gaelic Irish", and the Old Englishor descendants of medieval Norman settlers.
The united Irish crest. An overview of the insurrection ofby John Dorney. The rebellion was an insurrection launched by the United Irishmen, an underground republican society, aimed at overthrowing the Kingdom of Ireland, severing the connection with Great Britain and establishing an Irish Republic based on the principles of the French Revolution.
The rebellion failed in its aim to launch a coordinated nationwide uprising. There were instead isolated outbreaks of rebellion in county Wexford, other Leinster counties, counties Antrim and Down in the north and after the landing of a French expeditionary force, in county Mayo in the west.
The military uprising was put down with great bloodshed in the summer of Some of its leaders, notably Wolfe Tone were killed or died in imprisonment, while many others were exiled.
The rebellion was failed attempt to found a secular independent Irish Republic. The s marked an exceptional event in Irish history because the United Irishmen were a secular organisation with significant support both among Catholics and Protestants, including Protestants in the northern province of Ulster.
However, the unity of Catholics and Protestants was far from universal and the fighting itself was marked in places by sectarian atrocities.
As a result of the uprising, the Irish Parliament, which had existed since the 13th century, was abolished and under the Act of Union Ireland was to be ruled directly from London until In the 18th century, Ireland was a Kingdom in its own right, under the Kings of England.
Executive power was largely in the hands of the Lord Lieutenant and the Chief Secretary, appointed by the British prime minister. However, Ireland also had its own parliament, which throughout the century, lobbied for greater control over trade and law making in Ireland.
The Irish parliament was subservient to the British parliament at Westminster, but increasingly, as the century wore on, agitated for greater autonomy. Inthe Irish parliament managed to free itself from subservience to the Lord Lieutenant and, to an extent, from the British parliament through the passage of laws that enabled it to make its own laws for the first time without reference to Westminster.
Ireland in the 18th century had its own parliament but the majority of the population was excluded from political participation on religious and property grounds. However, membership of the parliament was confined to members of the Anglican Church of Ireland, which, allowing for some conversions, was overwhelmingly composed of descendants of English settlers.
The parliament was not a democratic body; elections were relatively infrequent, seats could be purchased and the number of voters was small and confined to wealthy, property-owning Protestants.
Under the Penal Laws, enacted after the Catholic defeat in the Jacobite-Williamite war of the s, all those who refused to acknowledge the English King as head of their Church — therefore Catholic and Presbyterians — were barred not only from the parliament but from any public position or service in the Army.
United Irish leader Theobald Wolfe Tone. Catholic owned lands were also confiscated for alleged political disloyalty throughout the 17th century. Catholics, to a large extent the descendants of the pre-seventeenth century Irish population, also suffered from restrictions on landholding, inheritance, entering the professions and the right to bear arms.
Presbyterians, mostly descendants of Scottish immigrants, while not excluded as rigorously as Catholics from public life, also suffered from discrimination — marriages performed by their clergy were not legally recognised for instance.Gaelic or Irish, once the island's spoken language, declined in use sharply in the nineteenth century as a result of the Famine and the creation of the National School education system, as well as hostility to the language from leading Irish politicians of the time; it was largely replaced by English.
The Irish Rebellion of (Irish: Éirí Amach ), also known as the United Irishmen Rebellion (Irish: Éirí Amach na nÉireannach Aontaithe), was an uprising against British rule in Ireland lasting from May to September The United Irishmen, a republican revolutionary group influenced by the ideas of the American and French revolutions, .
The Irish Uprising, T he Irish Uprising of was a long-term result of the "plantation" policy of Tudor and Stuart monarchs under which Ireland was aggressively colonised by Protestant settlers from England and Scotland.. From the midth century, Irish landowners were dispossessed to make way for the settlers and a vicious cycle developed whereby rebellion against the English.
The Irish rebellion added a terrible momentum to the War of the Three Kingdoms. The intervention of Ireland into the English Civil War proved fatal to Charles I. The frail peace between King and Parliament was blown wide apart. Feb 10, · The coup failed and the rebellion developed into an ethnic conflict between native Irish Catholics on one side, and English and Scottish Protestant settlers on the other.
This began a conflict known as the Irish Confederate Wars. The Irish Rebellion of (Irish: History of Ireland (–). The English had long held views on the Irish as being a ‘barbaric’ people before the rebellion of , but this rebellion served Save Essay Kerrytom Published on 08/10/ Reads History.