Ferdinand Pauwels — Martin Luther hammers his 95 theses to the door Many major events caused Europe to change around the start of the 16th century, starting with the Fall of Constantinople inthe fall of Muslim Spain and the discovery of the Americas inand Martin Luther 's Protestant Reformation in Tsardom of Russia[ edit ] Main article:
See Article History Alternative Titles: The term Palestine has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region, which some have asserted also includes Jordan. Both the geographic area designated by the name and the political status of it have changed over the course of some three millennia.
The region or at least a part of it is also known as the Holy Land and is held sacred among JewsChristiansand Muslims. Since the 20th century it has been the object of conflicting claims of Jewish and Arab national movements, and the conflict has led to prolonged violence and, in several instances, open warfare.
The word Palestine derives from Philistia, the name given by Greek writers to the land of the Philistineswho in the 12th century bce occupied a small pocket of land on the southern coast, between modern Tel Aviv—Yafo and Gaza.
After Roman times the name had no official status until after World War I and the end of rule by the Ottoman Empirewhen it was adopted for one of the regions mandated to Great Britain; in addition to an area roughly comprising present-day Israel and the West Bank, the mandate included the territory east of the Jordan River now constituting the Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan, which Britain placed under an administration separate from that of Palestine immediately after receiving the mandate for the territory.
The name Palestine has long been in popular use as a general term to denote a traditional region, but this usage does not imply precise boundaries.
In contemporary understanding, however, Palestine is generally defined as a region bounded on the east by the Jordan River, on the north by the border between modern Israel and Lebanon, on the west by the Mediterranean Sea including the coast of Gazaand on the south by the Negevwith its southernmost extension reaching the Gulf of Aqaba.
The strategic importance of the area is immense: Settlement depends closely on water, which is almost never abundant. Precipitation, which arrives in the cool half of the year, decreases in amount in general from north to south and from the coast inland.
Perennial rivers are few, and the shortage of water is aggravated by the porous nature of the limestone rocks over much of the country. For further reading on the political units most closely associated with Palestine, see the articles EgyptIsraelJordanand Lebanon.
Land Coastal lowlands of varying widths front the Mediterranean. Farther southward the lowland opens out rapidly into the Plain of Sharonabout 8 miles 13 km wide and extending south to the latitude of Tel Aviv—Yafo.
Once covered with marshes, the Sharon plain was reclaimed in the post-Exilic and Hellenistic period and is now a settled area.
Fields and fruit groves are laid out between scattered sandstone ridges, on which villages have grown up. South of the spur of low hills that approaches the coast at about Yafo Jaffathe plain widens into a fertile region known in biblical times as Philistia, a district of orange groves, irrigated orchards, and fields of grain.
Covered with rich basaltic soils washed down from the Galilean hills, Esdraelon is important both for its fertility and for the great highway it opens from the Mediterranean to the lands across the Jordan.
The hill country of Galilee is better-watered and more thickly wooded than that of Samaria or Judaea. North of the Bet Netofa Valley Plain of Asochis is Upper Galilee, with elevations of 4, feet 1, metresa scrub-covered limestone plateau that is thinly populated.
To the south, Lower Galilee—with its highest peak, Mount Tabor 1, feet [ metres] —is a land of east-west ridges enclosing sheltered vales like that of Nazareth, with rich basaltic soils.RIGHTS OF PRISONERS 2 Rights of Prisoners An explanation of the history of the corrections system and varying approaches to corrections by era.
The history of the correctional system was set in place with the best of intentions but in reality was faced with a lot of abuse. Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation. Jun 13, · An explanation of the history of the corrections system and varying approaches to corrections by era. A complete description of the participants of the corrections system and their roles.
A detailed analysis of the impediments, or issues, faced by corrections . Connecting decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas, Bloomberg quickly and accurately delivers business and financial information, news and insight around the world.
a. A history of the corrections system and varying approaches to corrections by era. b. A complete description of the participants of the corrections system and their roles. c. A detailed analysis of the impediments, or issues, faced by corrections administrations when running a prison.
d. An explanation of the history of the corrections system and varying approaches to corrections by era. b. A complete description of the participants of the corrections system and their roles.