Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Humanism and the visual arts Humanistic themes and techniques were woven deeply into the development of Italian Renaissance art. The mutually enriching character of the two disciplines is evident in a variety of areas.
Origin[ edit ] Some of the first humanists were great collectors of antique manuscriptsincluding PetrarchGiovanni BoccaccioColuccio Salutatiand Poggio Bracciolini.
Of the four, Petrarch was dubbed the "Father of Humanism" because of his devotion or loyalty to Greek and Roman scrolls. In Italy, the humanist educational program won rapid acceptance and, by the midth century, many of the upper classes had received humanist educations, possibly in addition to traditional scholasticist ones.
Some of the highest officials of the Catholic Church were humanists with the resources to amass important libraries. Such was Cardinal Basilios Bessariona convert to the Catholic Church from Greek Orthodoxywho was considered for the papacyand was one of the most learned scholars of his time.
Italian humanism spread northward to FranceGermanythe Low Countriesand England with the adoption of large-scale printing after the end of the era of incunabula or books printed prior toand it became associated with the Protestant Reformation.
Paganism and Christianity in the Renaissance[ edit ] This section is too long to read comfortably, and needs subsections. Please format the article according to the guidelines laid out in the Manual of Style.
The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy describes the rationalism of ancient writings as having tremendous impact on Renaissance scholars: Here, one felt no weight of the supernatural pressing on the human mind, demanding homage and allegiance.
Humanity—with all its distinct capabilities, talents, worries, problems, possibilities—was the center of interest.
It has been said that medieval thinkers philosophised on their knees, but, bolstered by the new studies, they dared to stand up and to rise to full stature. And if it is names that bother us, no one better deserves the name of Epicurean than the revered founder and head of the Christian philosophy Christfor in Greek epikouros means "helper.
On the contrary, he alone shows the most enjoyable life of all and the one most full of true pleasure. In this spirit, Pico della Mirandola attempted to construct a syncretism of all religions he was not a humanist[ clarification needed ] but an Aristotelian trained in Parisbut his work did not win favor with the church authorities.
Historian Steven Kreis expresses a widespread view derived from the 19th-century Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardtwhen he writes that: The period from the fourteenth century to the seventeenth worked in favor of the general emancipation of the individual.
The city-states of northern Italy had come into contact with the diverse customs of the East, and gradually permitted expression in matters of taste and dress.
The writings of Dante, and particularly the doctrines of Petrarch and humanists like Machiavelli, emphasized the virtues of intellectual freedom and individual expression. In the essays of Montaigne the individualistic view of life received perhaps the most persuasive and eloquent statement in the history of literature and philosophy.
Of these two, Hermeticism has had great continuing influence in Western thought, while the former mostly dissipated as an intellectual trend, leading to movements in Western esotericism such as Theosophy and New Age thinking. Though humanists continued to use their scholarship in the service of the church into the middle of the sixteenth century and beyond, the sharply confrontational religious atmosphere following the Protestant reformation resulted in the Counter-Reformation that sought to silence challenges to Catholic theology with similar efforts among the Protestant denominations.
However, a number of humanists joined the Reformation movement and took over leadership functions, for example, Philipp MelanchthonUlrich ZwingliJohn Calvinand William Tyndale. With the Counter Reformation initiated by the Council of Trentpositions hardened and a strict Catholic orthodoxy based on Scholastic philosophy was imposed.
Some humanists, even moderate Catholics such as Erasmus, risked being declared heretics for their perceived criticism of the church.We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads.
You can change your ad preferences anytime. Introduction to Renaissance Art Hi, it's me, Jessica, your history instructor for the day.
Today we'll be discussing Renaissance art, from painting to sculptures to architecture. Humanism: Humanism, literature, rhetoric, philosophy, art history, and so forth. Thus, it is customary to refer to scholars in these fields as humanists and to their activities as humanistic.
Introduction; Origin and meaning of the term humanism. The ideal of humanitas;.
Watch video · Art Nouveau was an art and design movement that grew out of the Arts and Crafts movement of the late 19th Century. Art Nouveau highlighted curvaceous lines, often inspired by . Humanism and its influence on the Literature of the Italian Renaissance Before we study the literature, art, and architecture of the Italian Renaissance, it is vital to be able to define Humanism and to identify the values of Humanism.
Early Greek Humanism: The Beauty of the Human Form and Essence 1) In the simplest terms, "humanism" refers to how Greek art and literature -- and art and literature in that tradition -- puts the human experience at the center of events, in contrast the Hebrews and Christians put God at that center.