You may also download the PDF. The system was conceived by Melvil Dewey in and first published in The DDC is the most widely used classification system in the world.
Dewey, John American philosopher, psychologist, and educator. Dewey is recognized as one of the twentieth century's leading proponents of pragmatism, education reform, and pacifism. His work in these three areas derives from his belief that humanity is essentially good, and that social deviancy can be curtailed by specific educational methods.
Biographical Information Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont, the son of a grocer. He graduated from the University of Vermont in and went on to teach high school in Oil City, Pennsylvania, from to He returned to Burlington and cultivated his interest in philosophy with the Dewey essays of his former teacher, H.
Shortly thereafter, Dewey published two articles in the Journal of Speculative Philosophy, and enrolled as a graduate philosophy student at the newly formed Johns Hopkins University, where he studied briefly with American logician and founder of pragmatism Charles S.
Morris, who introduced Dewey to the philosophy of Hegel. He completed his doctoral dissertation on Immanuel Kant inand began a productive ten-year tenure at the University of Michigan. He strived to make philosophy applicable to all humans by becoming increasingly involved in public education and published several works on psychology.
InDewey accepted a post as chairman of philosophy, psychology, and education at the University of Chicago. During this period, Dewey worked closely with social reformer Jane Addams, published his Studies in Logical Theory, formed the laboratory school commonly known as the Dewey School, and published several works on pedagogy.
InDewey left Chicago to join the faculty of Columbia University, where he taught until his retirement inafter which he continued to write, travel, and lecture extensively.
He also opposed America's military draft as involuntary servitude and as an example of "totalitarianism. Dewey died in in New York City. Major Works Although Dewey's philosophy evolved throughout his life, it is thought by many philosophers and critics to be governed by his concept of experience, which he perceived as a unified albeit constantly changing force, rather than a collection of remembered facts.
Differences for Dewey are but variables within a singular, consistent source, a philosophical approach that, along with his rejection of subjectivism and empiricism caused much of his earlier work to be labeled as Hegelian idealism.
Dewey, however, eventually rejected the predisposition of idealists to relegate all human experience to knowledge, which he perceived as distorting the initial experience.
Humanity, argued Dewey, spends much of its time acting, suffering, and enjoying, not in reflection. Dewey's later work abandoned idealist concepts, instead embracing a theory that life is a sequence of lapidary and concurrent experiences. Borrowing from twentieth-century advancements in the biological and anthropological sciences, Dewey developed a complex and naturalistic theory that an individual's experience is the organic premise of all life.
From this concept, Dewey elaborated that there are three levels or plateaus of human interaction with the environment: By observing and interacting with the world, humanity's experience grows in knowledge and understanding. This approach directly refutes the scientific theories of Aristotle, which promulgated that science relies on a passive witnessing and contemplation rather than Dewey's view that knowledge relies on active testing and consideration.
This theory is consistent with Dewey's writings on logic and education.
The objective of inquiry, according to Dewey, is knowledge, but inquiry is a process that continuously alters its original questions and desired conclusions.Education term papers (paper ) on John Dewey: Nowhere can it be found of a philosopher whose intellect has made such an impact on the twentieth century as John Dewey.
He has brought two kind. Term paper - John Dewey John Dewey, an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer, was born on October 20, in Burlington, Vermont. Dewey’s mother, Lucina, was a devout Calvinist.
Dewey’s mother, Lucina, was a devout Calvinist. - Dewey and the contemporary New Zealand education John Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont, on 20 October He was an American psychologist who was grouped with Pierce and William James as founders of Pragmatism and supported the idea of pragmatism and was anti-foundational notion of .
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The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), or Dewey Decimal System, is a proprietary library classification system first published in the United States by Melvil Dewey in It has been revised and expanded through 23 major editions, the latest issued in , and has grown from a four-page pamphlet in John Dewey Essay.
By Lauren Bradshaw. July 15, Example Essays. John Dewey had a long and prosperous career as a philosopher and as an educator. Tanner and Tanner have since called him ” the greatest of American Educational Philosophers (Tanner and Tanner, ).” Tags: example essay, John Dewey essay topics, John Dewey essays.