It was the first novel by Graham Greene and for many of us, it was our first introduction into his works.
Scopeswas accused of violating Tennessee 's Butler Actwhich had made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school. Scopes was unsure whether he had ever actually taught evolution, but he purposely incriminated himself so that the case could have a defendant.
The trial served its purpose of drawing intense national publicity, as national reporters flocked to Dayton to cover the big-name lawyers who had agreed to represent each side.
William Jennings Bryanthree-time presidential candidate, argued for the prosecution, while Clarence Darrowthe famed defense attorney, spoke for Scopes.
The trial publicized the Fundamentalist—Modernist Controversywhich set Modernistswho said evolution was not inconsistent with religion, against Fundamentalistswho said the word of God as revealed in the Bible took priority over all human knowledge.
The case was thus seen as both a theological contest and a trial on whether "modern science" should be taught in schools. Origins State Representative John W. Butlera Tennessee farmer and head of the World Christian Fundamentals Associationlobbied state legislatures to pass anti-evolution laws.
He succeeded when the Butler Act was passed in Tennessee, on March 25, I'd read in the papers that boys and girls were coming home from school and telling their fathers and mothers that the Bible was all nonsense.
Scopes, who had substituted for the regular biology teacher, was charged on May 5,with teaching evolution from a chapter in George William Hunter 's textbook, Civic Biology: Presented in Problemswhich described the theory of evolution, race, and eugenics.
The two sides brought in the biggest legal names in the nation, William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution and Clarence Darrow for the defense, and the trial was followed on radio transmissions throughout the United States. Hicks at Robinson's Drug Store, convincing them that the controversy of such a trial would give Dayton much needed publicity.
According to Robinson, Rappleyea said, "As it is, the law is not enforced. If you win, it will be enforced. If I win, the law will be repealed. We're game, aren't we? Scopesa Dayton high school science and math teacher. The group asked Scopes to admit to teaching the theory of evolution.
Scopes added to the group: Raulston accelerated the convening of the grand jury and " Hickstwo brothers who were local attorneys and friends of Scopes, but the prosecution was ultimately led by Tom Stewarta graduate of Cumberland School of Lawwho later became a U.
Stewart was aided by Dayton attorney Gordon McKenzie, who supported the anti-evolution bill on religious grounds, and described evolution as "detrimental to our morality" and an assault on "the very citadel of our Christian religion".
Wells asking him to join the defense team. Wells replied that he had no legal training in Britain, let alone in America, and declined the offer.
Neala law school professor from Knoxvilleannounced that he would act as Scopes' attorney whether Scopes liked it or not, and he became the nominal head of the defense team.
Clarence Darrow induring the trial Baptist pastor William Bell Rileythe founder and president of the World Christian Fundamentals Association, was instrumental in calling lawyer and three-time Democratic presidential nominee, former United States Secretary of Stateand lifelong Presbyterian William Jennings Bryan to act as that organization's counsel.
Bryan had originally been invited by Sue Hicks to become an associate of the prosecution and Bryan had readily accepted, despite the fact he had not tried a case in thirty-six years. As Scopes pointed out to James Presley in the book Center of the Storm, on which the two collaborated: Darrow originally declined, fearing that his presence would create a circus atmosphere, but eventually realized that the trial would be a circus with or without him, and agreed to lend his services to the defense, later stating that he "realized there was no limit to the mischief that might be accomplished unless the country was aroused to the evil at hand".
McKenzie and William Jennings Bryan.
Mencken for The Baltimore Sunwhich was also paying part of the defense's expenses. It was Mencken who provided the trial with its most colorful labels such as the "Monkey Trial" of "the infidel Scopes".Sep 29, · Best Answer: the anti-federalists wouldn't accept the new constitution unless it had a bill of rights, thus why it was made.
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Westinghouse’s attempts to satisfy this rule.
Didn't completely satisfy Anti-Federalist concerns Appeased them enough to pass the constitution The Tenth Amendment was added especially to appease Anti-Federalists: all rights not delegated or prohibited were reserved to the states or the people.
They are best known for litigating on the role of religion in public life, a category encompassing abortion, LGBTQ rights, freedom of expression—including the right to religious free speech in public schools—homeschooling, parental rights, and family, among other issues.