Opposition to immigration According to Fetzeropposition to immigration commonly arises in many countries because of issues of national, cultural, and religious identity. Thus nativism has become a general term for " opposition to immigration " based on fears that the immigrants will distort or spoil existing cultural values. The claim that immigrants can "swamp" a local population is related to birth rate relative to nationals. Contemporary opponents of immigration blame it for such problems as unemploymentcrime especially through gangsharm to the environmenthousing shortage, and overwhelming social services such as hospitals, police.
The Ku Klux Klan of the s and the American Political Tradition Liveright October 17 minutes 4, words Starting in the mid-nineteenth century, and extending through the mid-twentieth century, Oregon was arguably the most racist place outside the southern states, possibly even of all the states.
Its legislature tried to keep it all white, excluding people of color with a host of discriminatory laws. Neither did I, although I grew up there. The Klan gained particularly formidable power in Oregon, especially in my hometown, Portland; Oregon shared with Indiana the distinction of having the highest per capita Klan membership.
Like Indiana, its population of approximately eight hundred thousand in was overwhelmingly Protestant and white, and 87 percent native-born; of the foreign-born, half were US citizens.
Its approximately 2, African Americans constituted 0. In the Oregon Territory banned slavery but at the same time required all African Americans to leave.
Inin the process of achieving statehood, it put two pieces of a future constitution to a referendum vote, and the same contradiction emerged: Meanwhile, the state offered to 1,acre plots of land free — to white settlers. Prevented by federal law from expelling existing black residents, its constitution banned any further blacks from entering, living, voting, or owning property in Oregon the only state to do thisto be enforced by lashings for violators.
The Chinese were specifically denied state citizenship.
Oregon refused to ratify the enfranchisement of black men by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments; it only did so — and this may come as another surprise — in andrespectively.
In the Oregon Supreme Court ruled that the prevalent racial segregation of public facilities was constitutional. Interracial marriage was prohibited until As global commerce grew, so did the Port of Portland.
Although miles from the Pacific, it sits at the confluence of the mighty Columbia and the Willamette Rivers, which produced a valuable deep-water port.
Amazon The Klan also had a ready-made organizational base in Oregon. It was headed by a virulently racist Presbyterian minister from South Africa. It pressured politicians to declare their religious allegiances, thus making Protestantism a public political qualification.
The film Birth of a Nation further tilled the soil for the Klan in Oregon, as it did everywhere the second Klan arose. Playing in Portland theaters first inand again in andthe last showing under Klan auspices, it drew huge audiences despite the unusually high admission price of two dollars.
Protests on behalf of the approximately 1, African Americans in Portland persuaded the mayor to draft an emergency ordinance to ban it, but the city council would not go along. Simultaneously, in a contested school board election, explicitly anti-Catholic candidates beat out the slate endorsed by all three major Portland newspapers.
As is so often the case when examining s religious prejudice, it is hard to know how much of the vote was anti-Catholic and how much a revolt against elite political insiders.
In any case, Klan recruiter Powell received an enthusiastic welcome. He began to gather joiners through a series of moves that were by then standard procedures for the Klan: Scott were visible for miles. Nearly every community with a population of one thousand or more had a Klavern.
By the state Klan professed to have fifty-eight Klaverns and as many as fifty thousand members, not including members of the WKKK or the youth groups. These figures seem to be typical Klan exaggerations, but on the other hand they do not include the many nonmembers who supported the Klan agenda.
This is the profile of an ambitious man as well as an employment biography typical of a Klan leader, moving from skilled working class to management. He was also a prominent Mason. He became a statewide power broker, able to grant or withhold support to politicians or lobbying groups eager for Klan support.
Klannish nativism was ever flexible. In Oregon, Klan efforts were almost exclusively anti-Catholic. In the San Diego region, some Catholics joined. To some extent he represented the pro-worker side of the Klan, promising in his paper that he would not accept advertising from open-shop that is, anti-union businesses and pledging his support for the AFL.
After a few years a feud with Gifford led Dever to quit and denounce the Klan, but not to reject its ideology or methods. Anti-Japanese sentiment also helped build the Klan. Japanese immigrants began arriving after the federal government banned Chinese immigration inand thousands worked on constructing railroad spurs for logging companies.With the outbreak of war in Europe in August , the geographical and political isolation— that placed foreign policy above controversy, rendered immigrant attitudes nonpolitical, facilitated assimilation, and shielded the melting pot—quickly dissipated.
The rise of nativism in the s was caused mainly by immigration. the massive influx of new immigrants scared most of the population. Nativism is the political policy of promoting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants.
However, as of it is more commonly described [by whom?] as an immigration-restriction position. [need quotation to verify]In scholarly studies nativism is a standard technical term. Those who hold this political view, however, do not typically accept the label.
COURT CASE REVIEW SONG AND VIDEO!!!. Marbury v. Madison = Judicial Review.
McCulloch v. Maryland = Federal Supremacy, and the right to charter a bank. "The Power to Tax is the Power to Destroy!" Here's a list of other important John Marshall decisions.
Start studying HIST , all quizzes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Through this lesson, you will learn about the major developments in manufacturing that occurred during the s, and gain insight into how the development of mass production influenced the lives.