It has affected many people worldwide and continues to be a major public health problem in many countries. Iodine is an essential trace element, necessary primarily for the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
None, Conflict of Interest: Iodine deficiency disorder IDD refers to complex clinical and subclinical disorder caused mainly due to inadequate intake of food with sufficient iodine. The objective was to find out the prevalence of goiter in primary school children; to determine median urinary iodine concentration; to assess the level of iodine in salt samples at household.
A cluster survey was done in Jamnagar district in primary school children years. A total of 70 children from first to seventh standards 35 boys and 35 girls and 20 children from the community in each cluster were included.
Total children were taken for the total goiter examination by population proportion to size in each cluster with informed consent. A total of children were tested for the median urinary concentration and salt samples were tested on the spot with a test kit from the households of the study population.
The total goiter rate was 4. It was observed that The goiter prevalence is less in the study district but low median urinary iodine excretion and use of insufficient iodized salt at households describe the inadequacy in efforts to eliminate IDDs in the district.
Goiter, iodine deficiency disorders, iodized salt, school age children How to cite this article: Goiter prevalence and current iodine deficiency status among school age children years after the universal salt iodization in Jamnagar district, India. Thyroid Res Pract ;9: Unlike other micronutrients deficiency, iodine deficiency disorders are due to an inadequate amount of iodine in water, soil, and foodstuffs.
This health problem affects all age groups of the population living in the same geographic areas without depending on their socioeconomical status. People living in areas affected by severe iodine deficiency may have an intelligence quotient IQ of up to This subtle degree of mental deficiency causes an immediate effect on the child's school performance, intellectual ability, and working capacity and thus, the quality of life in communities and economic productivity.
Several studies carried out in India have shown a high percentage of goiter incidence. Materials and Methods Selection of the study population, sample size, and sampling method The cluster cross-sectional study was conducted in the entire 10 Talukas of Jamnagar district in The list of villages, primary schools, and population were obtained from the Jilla Panchayat of Jamnagar.
Before starting the survey, consent from the institution, chief district health officer, Jamnagar, and district education officer, Jamnagar, were taken.
Total 30 villages were selected from the Jamnagar district by using the cluster sampling technique. Census population was used for sampling.Purpose: The term iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) reflects the spectrum of health effects owing to iodine deficiency in all age groups.
Although environmental iodine deficiency leading to dietary iodine inadequacy is one major factor responsible for IDD, goitre is endemic in Terai, North India.
The World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD) recommend a slightly higher iodine intake for pregnant women of mcg per day [3,7].
THYROID Volume 4, Number 1, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., Publishers The Disorders Induced by Iodine Deficiency F. DELANGE ABSTRACT This paper reviews present knowledgeon the etiology, pathophysiology,complications, prevention, and therapyof the disordersinduced byiodine deficiency.
Therecommended dietaryallowances ofiodine are pg/dayforadults and adolescents, p . Iodine deficiency disorders can produce symptoms of low thyroid function (hypothyroidism) even without abnormalities in measured thyroid hormone levels.
34 Recent evidence suggests, for example, that iodine deficiency is linked to obesity, cognitive impairment, psychiatric disorders, fibromyalgia, and a variety of cancers. Austria12 Austria was a classical endemic goiter country due to iodine deficiency with UIE of 35 mcg/day and goiter prevalence in adolescents of almost 50% in the s.
Global prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders Micronutrient deficiency information system (MDIS) working paper no. 1.