Employment relations[ edit ] Refusal to recognise unions[ edit ] In the early years, when Ryanair had a total of employees who each had shares in the company, there was an agreement that staff would not join a labor union on the basis that they would have influence on how the company was run. Whilst Ryanair announced in December that they would recognise pilots unions, the company still refuses to recognise or negotiate with any union for cabin crew. Ina former Ryanair captain was awarded financial compensation by an employment tribunal in London after being fired for handing out a union form to a cabin crew member while on duty. Ryanair protested about the raid.
He is also the nephew of two Nobel laureates in economics: At age 16,  he entered Massachusetts Institute of Technology MITwhere he originally intended to study physics but soon switched to economics S. He was also an active member of the MIT debating team and qualified for participation in the annual National Debate Tournament three times.
He attended Harvard University as a graduate student Ph. It was also during this time that Summers was diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma.
He underwent treatment and has since remained cancer free. He was a visiting academic at the London School of Economics  in Summers has three children older twin daughters Ruth and Pamela and son Harry with his first wife, Victoria Joanne Perry.
He lives in Brookline, Massachusetts. Academic economist[ edit ] Summers in As a researcher, Summers has made important contributions in many areas of economics, primarily public financelabor economicsfinancial economicsand macroeconomics.
Summers has also worked in international economics, economic demography, economic history and development economics. His work generally emphasizes the analysis of empirical economic data in order to answer well-defined questions, for example: Does saving respond to after-tax interest rates?
Are the returns from stocks and stock portfolios predictable? Are most of those who receive unemployment benefits only transitorily unemployed? Waterman Award from the National Science Foundation.
Summers is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Public official[ edit ] Summers was on the staff of the Council of Economic Advisers under President Reagan in — He also served as an economic adviser to the Dukakis Presidential campaign in As such, Summers played a "key role" in designing strategies to aid developing countries, worked on the bank's loan committee, guided the bank's research and statistics operations, and guided external training programs.
Summers memo In Decemberwhile at the World Bank, Summers signed a memo that was leaked to the press. Lant Pritchett has claimed authorship of the private memo, which both he and Summers say was intended as sarcasm.
I've always thought that under-populated countries in Africa are vastly underpolluted. Inhe was promoted to Deputy Secretary of the Treasury under his long-time political mentor Robert Rubin. Inhe succeeded Rubin as Secretary of the Treasury. Much of Summers's tenure at the Treasury Department was focused on international economic issues.
He was deeply involved in the Clinton administration's effort to bail out Mexico and Russia when those nations had currency crises. Later there was a scandal when it emerged that some of the Harvard project members had invested in Russia, and were therefore not impartial advisors. Congress that "the parties to these kinds of contract are largely sophisticated financial institutions that would appear to be eminently capable of protecting themselves from fraud and counterparty insolvencies.
President of Harvard[ edit ] Inwhen George W. Bush became PresidentSummers left the Treasury Department and returned to Harvard as its 27th president, serving from July until June Southwest Airlines Success: A Case Study Analysis. 5 Pages.
Southwest Airlines Success: A Case Study Analysis. Services are variable by nature as different people of Southwest worked more on low cost model, fast same designation deliver services of different types and process and people than physical evidence but still same person . Marketers spend a lot of time—and money—trying to delight consumers with ever-fresher, ever-more-appealing products.
But their customers, it turns out, make most purchase decisions almost.
Southwest Airlines Success: A Case Study Analysis. Southwest Airlines is a somewhat different example of a business model pioneer—and indeed, one may ask if the company is a pioneer at all. Southwest Airlines: In a Different World case study.
The focus of the case is on whether Southwest Airlines should buy gates and slots to initiate service to New York's LaGuardia airport. Published: Mon, 5 Dec The key objective of this report is to critically evaluate the strategy of Ryanair against the backdrop of the European air line industry and the bludgeoning Budget sector, in response to the challenges facing the Industry as a whole and Ryan air in particular & also has evaluated the Ryan air’s bid for fellow Irish carrier, Aer Lingus.
I am interested in working as consultant for projects of improved performance and cost reduction.