Originally a Union ship, the vessel had been decommissioned for extensive repairs and moored in Norfolk, Virginia, when the Civil War began. Union sailors sank the ship as the yard was evacuated in Apr. Six weeks later, the Confederacy claimed the ship for themselves, raised and rebuilt it as an ironclad.
Accordingly, orders were sent to destroy the base rather than allow it to fall into Confederate hands. On 20 April, before evacuating the Navy Yard, the U. Navy burned Merrimack to the waterline and sank her to preclude capture. Stephen MallorySecretary of the Navy decided to convert Merrimack into an ironcladsince she was the only large ship with intact engines available in the Chesapeake Bay area.
Portereach of whom envisaged the ship as a casemate ironclad. The detailed design work would be completed by Porter, who was a trained naval constructor. Porter had overall responsibility for the conversion,  but Brooke was responsible for her iron plate and heavy ordnance, while William P.
A new fantail and armored casemate were built atop a new main deck, and a v-shaped breakwater bulwark was added to her bow, which attached to the armored casemate. It was decided to equip their ironclad with a raman anachronism on a 19th century warship.
As completed, Virginia had a turning radius of about 1 mile 1. There were four gun ports on each broadside ; their protective iron shutters remained uninstalled during both days of the Battle of Hampton Roads. The other two were 6. Despite an all-out effort to complete her, the new ironclad still had workmen on board when she sailed into Hampton Roads with her flotilla of five CSN support ships: Seeing what had happened to Cumberland, the captain of USS Congress ordered his frigate into shallower water, where she soon grounded.
Congress and Virginia traded cannon fire for an hour, after which the badly-damaged Congress finally surrendered. While the surviving crewmen of Congress were being ferried off the ship, a Union battery on the north shore opened fire on Virginia.
Congress, now set ablaze by the retaliatory shelling, burned for many hours into the night, a symbol of Confederate naval power and a costly wake-up call for the all-wood Union blockading squadron. Virginia did not emerge from the battle unscathed, however.
Even so, the now injured Buchanan ordered an attack on USS Minnesotawhich had run aground on a sandbar trying to escape Virginia. It being late in the day, Virginia retired from the conflict with the expectation of returning the next day and completing the destruction of the remaining Union blockaders.
The smaller, nimbler, and faster Monitor was able to outmaneuver the larger, slower Virginia, but neither ship proved able to do any severe damage to the other, despite numerous shell hits by both combatants, many fired at virtually point-blank range.
After hours of shell exchanges, Monitor finally retreated into shallower water after a direct shell hit to her armored pilothouse forced her away from the conflict to assess the damage. The captain of the Monitor, Lieutenant John L.
Monitor remained in the shallows, but as it was late in the day, Virginia steamed for her home port, the battle ending without a clear victor: The captain of Virginia that day, Lieutenant Catesby ap Roger Jonesreceived advice from his pilots to depart over the sandbar toward Norfolk until the next day.The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies.
It was fought over two days, March 8–9, , in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia where the Elizabeth and. The March 9, , battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) during the American Civil War () was history’s first duel between ironclad warships.
The engagement, known. Interested in model ships? We have many to choose from, including USS Monitor and CSS Virginia, plus other home decor and gift ideas.
Low prices and FREE shipping on orders over $ At the outbreak of the American Civil War, the navies of the world still relied primarily on wooden ships.
The battle between two ironclad vessels, the Union's Monitor and the Confederacy's Virginia, on March 9, , signaled the start of the era of armored navies.. On April 20, , Union forces at the Norfolk Naval Yard scuttled a federal frigate, the Merrimac, in order to keep it out of.
Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, also called Battle of Hampton Roads, (March 9, ), in the American Civil War, naval engagement at Hampton Roads, Virginia, a harbour at the mouth of the James River, notable as history’s first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of.
The CSS Virginia: Sink Before Surrender (Civil War Series) [John V. Quarstein] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When the CSS Virginia (Merrimack) slowly steamed down the Elizabeth River toward Hampton Roads on March 8,