Christian views on cloning The Roman Catholic Churchunder the papacy of Benedict XVIcondemned the practice of human cloning, in the magisterial instruction Dignitas Personaestating that it represents a "grave offense to the dignity of that person as well as to the fundamental equality of all people.
Ancient Greece Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western philosophical ethics. The ideas of Socrates c. The sudden flowering of philosophy during that period was rooted in the ethical thought of earlier centuries.
In the poetic literature of the 7th and 6th centuries bce, there were, as in other culturesmoral precepts but no real attempts to formulate a coherent overall ethical position. The Greeks were later to refer to the most prominent of these poets and early philosophers as the seven sagesand they are frequently quoted with respect by Plato and Aristotle.
Knowledge of the thought of this period is limited, for often only fragments of original writings, along with later accounts of dubious accuracy, remain.
He appears to have written nothing at all, but he was the founder The ethics of cloning philosophy essay a school of thought that touched on all aspects of life and that may have been a kind of philosophical and religious order.
In ancient times the school was best known for its advocacy of vegetarianismwhich, like that of the Jains, was associated with the belief that after the death of the body, the human soul may take up residence in the body of an animal see reincarnation.
Pythagoreans continued to espouse this view for many centuries, and classical passages in the works of writers such as Ovid 43 bce—17 ce and Porphyry — opposing bloodshed and animal slaughter can be traced to Pythagoras.
This term was used in the 5th century to refer to a class of professional teachers of rhetoric and argument. The Sophists promised their pupils success in political debate and increased influence in the affairs of the city.
They were accused of being mercenaries who taught their students to win arguments by fair means or foul. Aristotle said that Protagoras c.
They regarded themselves as imparters of the cultural and intellectual qualities necessary for success, and their involvement with argument about practical affairs naturally led them to develop views about ethics. The recurrent theme in the views of the better-known Sophists, such as Protagoras, Antiphon c.
He argued that, while the particular content of the moral rules may vary, there must be rules of some kind if life is to be tolerable. Thus, Protagoras stated that the foundations of an ethical system needed nothing from the gods or from any special metaphysical realm beyond the ordinary world of the senses.
He explained that the concept of justice means nothing more than obedience to the laws of society, and, since these laws are made by the strongest political group in its own interest, justice represents nothing but the interest of the stronger.
Presumably he would then encourage his pupils to follow their own interests as best they could.
|The history of Western ethics||Ethics - to Clone or Not to Clone?|
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|Ancient civilizations to the end of the 19th century||History[ edit ] Precursors of transhumanism[ edit ] According to Nick Bostromtranscendentalist impulses have been expressed at least as far back as the quest for immortality in the Epic of Gilgameshas well as in historical quests for the Fountain of Youththe Elixir of Lifeand other efforts to stave off aging and death.|
|Cloning is the production of a group of genetically identical cells or organisms, all descended from a single individual.|
It is not surprising that, with ideas of this sort in circulation, other thinkers should react by probing more deeply into ethics to see whether the potentially destructive conclusions of some of the Sophists could be resisted.
This reaction produced works that have served ever since as the cornerstone of the entire edifice of Western ethics. Yet, unlike other figures of comparable importance, such as the Buddha or Confucius, he did not tell his audience how they should live. What Socrates taught was a method of inquiry.
When the Sophists or their pupils boasted that they knew what justice, piety, temperance, or law was, Socrates would ask them to give an account, which he would then show was entirely inadequate. For those who thought that adherence to the conventional moral code was more important than the cultivation of an inquiring mind, the charge was appropriate.
By conventional standards, Socrates was indeed corrupting the youth of Athens, though he himself considered the destruction of beliefs that could not stand up to criticism as a necessary preliminary to the search for true knowledge.
In this respect he differed from the Sophists, with their ethical relativism, for he thought that virtue is something that can be known and that the virtuous person is the one who knows what virtue is. SocratesSocrates, herm from a Greek original, second half of the 4th century bce; in the Capitoline Museums, Rome.
He believed that virtue could be known, though he himself did not profess to know it.The Ethics of Cloning Essay example. Running head: The Ethics of Cloning The Ethics of Cloning Team D: Casey Krueger, Erin Lee, Ferdinand Malarayap, Marvin Monge, and Ibrahim Mortada August 14, DeVry University Online Stem cell research and cloning have become a major topic of interest in countries all around the world ever since Dolly the sheep was successfully cloned in In bioethics, the ethics of cloning refers to a variety of ethical positions regarding the practice and possibilities of cloning, especially human cloning.
While many of these views are religious in origin, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Philosophy: Ethics - to Clone or Not to Clone? Philosophy: Ethics To Clone or Not To Clone? Cloning is the production of a group of genetically identical cells or organisms, all descended from a .
Philosophy: Ethics To Clone or Not To Clone? Cloning is the production of a group of genetically identical cells or organisms, all descended from a single individual.4/4(1). Introduction The ethics of human cloning has become a great issue in the past few years. The advocates for both sides of the issue have many reasons to clone or not to clone.
The advocates for both sides of the issue have many reasons to clone or not to clone. Ethics of Human Cloning Essay Ethics of Human Cloning On February 23, Dolly the lamb was literally made.
She is not the work of nature or nature's God but of man, and Englishman, Ian Wilmut, and his fellow scientists.